Based on the Annual Disaster Statistical Review 2016, 342 major disasters occurred worldwide, affecting 569.4 million people – the highest since 2006. This accounted to $ 153.9 economic loss, which translates to thousands of devastated properties and livelihood.
Many people think that disaster won’t happen to them. Maybe it won’t. But it can.
Disasters can strike your town, your neighborhood, your home. Recovery is PAINFUL and DIFFICULT.
You can’t stop it from happening. But you can PREPARE for and SURVIVE most disasters if you PLAN AHEAD. And there’s no perfect time to plan than NOW.
Floods can happen during heavy rains, when the snow melts so fast, when dams or levees break, or when ocean waves come on shore.
- Avoid building in a floodplain. Construct barriers for your home, such as a levee or floodwall.
- Build an emergency kit. This should include food and water, clothes, batteries, flashlight, medications, multi-purpose tool, and a cellphone.
- Get your House Prepared. One of the most important steps is getting your house prepped for the heavy rain. Consider covering your roof with waterproof tarps to avoid roof damage.
- Turn off the power. Place all appliances above the projected flood elevation.
Can be triggered by an earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, or underwater explosion.
- Check if you live in a tsunami hotspot. Find a place that’s at least 100ft above sea level or two miles away from the ocean.
- Take Shelter. If there’s not enough time, take shelter at structures that are tall and sturdy enough to protect you from the onslaught of water.
- React quickly. If you find yourself trapped in water, look for something that floats and hold on it until rescue arrives.
Tornadoes are considered the most violent of all atmospheric storms.
- Move immediately to an underground shelter. Otherwise, run to the basement. Run from the windows and cover yourself with a mattress or cushion.
- Don’t stay inside a car or mobile home. If you’re outdoors, find a depression or ravine in the ground. Lie flat and cover yourself. Watch out for flying debris.
Thunderstorms and lightning
While raindrops may evaporate, lighting can still reach the ground and cause fatalities and wildfires.
- Find shelter immediately. Never stand under a tree and avoid power lines.
- Shut the windows. Windows provide a direct path for lighting to travel.
- Don’t touch metals or anything electrical-carrying surfaces. These include landlines, electrical wiring, and plumbing.
During winter storms, cold temperatures, snow and ice, blizzard conditions, and dangerous wind chills can all happen.
- Prepare your home. It must be well-insulated, and you must have fire extinguishers and carbon monoxide detectors working.
- Stay fed and hydrated.
- Stock up on supplies. Have enough food, water and medications to last for a week.
Earthquake is caused by sudden release of energy in the Earth’s lithosphere, creating seismic waves.
- Drop, Cover, and Hold On. Cover your head and neck with your arms and crawl towards a safer place nearby. To react quickly you must practice often.
- Hold on to any sturdy covering.
- Stay there for a while. Keep still until the shaking is over. Then, calmly leave the building. Stay away from structurally damaged areas.
Fires cause hundreds of casualties and leave thousands of people injured each year.
- Plan your escape route. All buildings have fire exits. If at home, plan how you can escape in various situations, especially when it’s dark.
- Crawl low under smoke towards the exit.
- Move quick. Before opening a door, use the back of your hand to touch it. If it feels warm, the fire could be on the other side.
Household Chemical Emergencies
Household chemicals can lead to poisoning, fire and explosion which can be lethal.
- Keep products containing chemicals away. Corroding containers should be repacked, labeled and properly stored.
- Use rags to clean up the spill. Wear hand gloves, mask, and eye protection.
- Recognize symptoms. They include difficulty breathing, dizziness, headache, blurred vision, and skin irritation.
- Call medical help immediately.
Nuclear Power Plants
Almost two-thirds of all nuclear-related accidents worldwide took place in the US.
- Keep distance from the source of radiation. Go to the basement or underground area if possible.
- Follow the EAS instructions carefully.
- Go to a designated public shelter. Change your clothes and shoes. Return home only when authorities say it is safe.
In 2017 alone, there have been 1,134 attacks and 7656 fatalities recorded in various parts of the world.
- Consider your exit routes.
- If you can’t move to safety, hide. Barricade yourself if you can. Try not to get trapped.
- Call the police when it is safe. Give your location and the direction the attacker is moving in.
PLAN. PREPARE. LIVE. Your survival depends on you. See the infographic and share with friends.